Please note: this is a record of the key language covered on 1st March 2021 only. For the current version of our (ongoing) training log, as well as contact information, see:
Session 18(1st March 8:30-10:00)
Hopefully the government will be better prepared for further crises in the future. (opinion/prediction)
We think that thanks to Corona, fewer aircraft will fly in the future. (opinion/prediction)
I wanna travel to Berlin -> I am going to travel/ I am travelling to Berlin (fixed plans)
I want to open a bubble tea shop -> I am going to open/ I am opening (fixed plans)
I have a plan to celebrate my birthday -> I am celebrating my birthday (fixed plans)
We are going to party again (fixed plans)
To talk about how things are scheduled:
- The train arrives at 4:00 pm
- The meeting starts at 9:30 tomorrow morning.
- The school holidays end next week.
Present continuous for future:
To talk about fixed plans where there is a future time reference, or it is clear from the context we are talking about the future
- I’m going on holiday to Greece in the summer
- I’m having dinner with my sister on Sunday.
- I’m going swimming tomorrow.
- I’m visiting my parents this summer.
(Don’t forget that verbs of state cannot be used in the continuous form. These include to be, to like, to know, to belong, to agree, to seem, to prefer, and to recognize)
Going to future:
For fixed plans and intentions with or without a time reference.
- I’m going to go on holiday to Greece in the summer.
- I’m going to buy an electric bike.
- I’m going to go walking in the mountains.
- I’m going to go swimming.
- I’m going to take a ferry to the UK.
To talk about plans, you may:
Express certainty/uncertainty and possibility
- He/she/it is definitely (not) going to buy lots of clothes…
- He is hopefully (not) visiting his family this summer.
- I’m probably (not) going camping this year.
Maybe I’m going to the UK this summer.
When stating opinions
- Do you think it will rain tomorrow?
- Do you think you will go to the beer garden?
- I think it will be a great success.
After the pandemic it will be more common to work from home.
To make predictions, you may:
- He/she/it will surely …
- He/she/it will definitely …
- He/she/it will not …
- He/she/it definitely won’t…
- I think he/she/it can …
- He/she/it may/might/could …
- He/she/it will probably/hopefully …
He/she/it probably/hopefully won’t…